Legislation and community media. Comparative analysis of Bolivia and Venezuela

TitleLegislation and community media. Comparative analysis of Bolivia and Venezuela
Publication TypeConference Paper
Author(s)Ramos, J., and A. M. Gómez
Affiliation (1st Author)Investigador en Formacion, Universidad de Salamanca (Espana)
Section or WGCommunity Communication Section
DateThurs 27 June
Slot CodeCoCT3b
Slot Code (Keyword)CoCT3b
Time of Session14:00-15:30
Session TitleWaves of Change: Enabling Community Media in Latin America
Submission ID6304

Historically, the power of community media in Latin America has not been associated with the regulation of their structures. However, during the last decade there is a special interest of some governments to promote, limit and define such claims. The cases of Bolivia and Venezuela show special interest because of two specific reasons. First of all, both governments took part of the “pink wave” or “Latin American progressive left” (Moraes, 2011; Boron, 2007; Sousa Santos, 2008; Lozano, 2005 y Lowy, 2007). This movement spread throughout the region along the last decade, defines a similar conception "of political ethical State, which configures an axis of nationalist, anti-neoliberal and left ideological power" (Moraes, 2011:30). In the second place, both governments have been highlighted by their recent legal concerns about the the regulation of the “third sector”; through the adoption of several acts aimed at the protection of community media and promoting their structures by the approving of some allied public policies. This paper focuses its theoretical axis on two bases: first, the theoretical-social importance of community media into the establishment of academic-research fields such as communication and development and communication and social change (Gumucio y Herrera, 2010; Alfaro et al., 1990; Chaparro, 1998; Peppino, 1999). Second, in the conformation of the critic political economy of communication studies, specifically into the progressive outline of economic independence- political independence- cultural-political autonomy (Segovia, 2001:15) referred to the alternative media. The main objective of this research focuses on the analysis of legislation and public policies in force in the two countries. The study consists of a comparative analysis of the legislation of community media and an in-depth analysis of the implemented public policies in order to: - know the differences and similarities in the two legal frameworks; - identify policies that each country has implemented in order to enforce the existing laws; - find the most relevant results of such policies; - know the rights and responsibilities of the “community media” in each country; - Identify legal provisions that may cause spurious results related to government intervention. In this latter regard, and in advance of some proposals from the analysis, can be clarified that while there has been a substantial improvement in the situation of the community media due to the recent legal concerns, support and legalization, is also true there have been some “unexpected –unwanted and legally non explicit- effects”, related specifically to government intervention inside this kind of media.

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